Pacific Bulb Society

August 26, 2014 – 02:02 am

Crocus kotschyanus, Rodger WhitlockCrocus kotschyanus ssp. kotschyanus 'Reliant' This species is native to Turkey to Lebanon, and it is an easily grown, particularly in this named selection. It is usually the first to flower in my garden, opening flowers in late September or early October. The flowers are pale lilac that reveal beautiful detail when peering into the open chalices; a bright undulating ring of gold at the center and a fine tracery of darker lilac veining. The first two photos are side views, the third photo is an overhead bee's-eye view. Photos by Mark McDonough taken October 2, 2005.

ssp. Photos by John Lonsdale.

Crocus medius, John LonsdaleCrocus laevigatus from Greece flowers with the leaves present in late fall, sometimes early winter. It has white to lilac-violet flowers with a deep yellow zone. The first two photos were taken on Nov. 9, 2008 by Nhu Nguyen at the UC Botanical Garden. The third photo is by Michael Mace. The last photo by Mary Sue Ittner shows the corms on a 1 cm grid.

'Fontenayi' is fragrant, striped and feathered purple on the outside. It has white anthers and an orange stigma divided into many branches. Photos #1-2 were taken by Mary Sue Ittner December 2004. Photo #3 was taken by Arnold Trachtenberg and #4-5 were taken by Steve Burger (2006) who writes: "These crocus are grown terrestrially (not potted) in Atlanta, Ga USDA 7b. This is their 3rd year at this location."

Crocus medius with virus, Tony GoodeCrocus longiflorus is from southern Italy, Sicily, and Malta. It's reportedly very fragrant, and is variable in color. Hardy in the UK. Photos by John Lonsdale including a white form.

Crocus mathewii is native to a few sites in Turkey and was recently discovered and described. Unfortunately, it has been reported that collectors then visited the type site and dug most of the population. The species is established in cultivation, however, seed having been distributed from the initial collections.Crocus nerimaniae, John Lonsdale ion in Germany and sent by him to David Hale, who kindly passed the seed on to Jane McGary. The seed was sown in winter 2001 and here is the first flowering of 3 corms (October 2004), grown in a bulb frame not dried out totally in summer. The striking coloration shown here is what made this species famous, but it is reported that not all individuals have such a strong violet central zone. Leaves are well emerged at flowering. Photo labeled JMW1 was taken in the wild in Turkey, November 2006, of a typical plant growing in short turf around a herding family's summer camp, the sheep having left by that time so the crocuses (C. cancellatus also present) survived. Photo labeled mathewii x pallasii was taken a few days later on the slope of Tahtali Dag, Turkey, in a small clearing in scrub (goats present, crocuses threatened) where the crocuses in flower included typical C. mathewii, C. pallasii, and C. cancellatus; its color and shape suggest a hybrid, and some authorities think C. mathewii probably should be included in C. pallasii at some taxonomic level. First three photos by Jane McGary, fourth and fifth by John Lonsdale.

Source: www.pacificbulbsociety.org


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